Learning Goal: To understand how to find the wavelength and diffraction patterns of electrons.
Part A  

In any diffraction problem, the wavelength of the waves is important. To find the wavelength of electrons, you can use the de Broglie relation , but you first must find the momentum of one of the electrons. The electrons are accelerated through a potential difference . Use this information to find the momentum of the electrons. 
Express your answer in terms of the mass of an electron , the magnitude of the charge on an electron , and .
ANSWER: 


Part B  

What is the wavelength of the electron beam? Use the de Broglie relation and the momentum that you found in Part A. Express your answer in terms of , , , and .

Part C  

The width of the central maximum is defined as the distance between the two minima closest to the center of the diffraction pattern. Since these are symmetric about the center of the pattern, you need to find only the distance to one of the minima, and then the width of the central maximum will be twice that distance. Find the angle between the center of the diffraction pattern and the first minimum. The equations for diffraction, which you have seen applied to light, are valid for any wave, including electron waves. Recall that the angle to a diffraction minimum for singleslit diffraction is given by the equation , where is the width of the slit and is an integer. Recall that for the first minima on either side of the central maximum. Do not make any approximations at this stage. Express your answer in terms of , , , , and .

Part D  

What is the width of the central maximum on the screen? Assume that is small enough that you can use the approximation , where is measured in radians. 
Express your answer in terms of , , , , , and .
ANSWER: 

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